Welcome to my blog, I’m a backend developer focusing at the moment on the .NET stack. I use this blog to document ideas or concepts I have learned or might be currently learning.

Use a custom OpenAPI specification file in .NET

.NET has the ability to auto-generated OpenAPI specifications based on your code. You can use different decorators on your code like ProducesResponseTypeAttribute or ConsumesAttribute to produce more descriptive response details for web API help pages generated by tools like Swagger. What if you didn’t want to use the autogenerated spec, what if you instead wanted to expose an already written spec, perhaps because you follow an API-first approach to building an API instead of a Code-First approach....

May 18, 2023 · Yunier

Power Up Integration Tests with Test Containers

Introduction In my blog post Integration Testing Using WebApplicationFactory I spoke about the benefits of testing a .NET Core Web API using WebApplicationFactory. The idea is that WebApplicationFactory creates a local HTTP server in-memory, meaning that when using WebApplicationFactory you are not mocking the HTTP request made to your API, you are actually using the API as if it were hosted in a live environment. The benefit here is that your test code seats in the middle of the Web API and the client code calling the API, meaning you can now test how the API behaves under certain requests from the client....

April 23, 2023 · Yunier

Tracking API changes with Optic

Over the last few months, I have been brushing up on API testing, specifically around contract testing. According to Postman, an API contract is a human- and machine-readable representation of an API’s intended functionality. It establishes a single source of truth for what each request and response should look like—and forms the basis of service-level agreements (SLAs) between producers and consumers. API contract testing helps ensure that new releases don’t violate the contract by checking the content and format of requests and responses....

April 17, 2023 · Yunier

Stricter Types in TypeScript

Recently TypeScript wizard Matt Pocock made a Twitter thread on branded types. At first, I did not know what he was talking about, I thought it was a new TypeScript feature being introduced in TypeScript 5 but upon closer look, I realized that it was not a new feature but rather a technique that I already knew, opaque types. I first learned about opaque types from Evert Pot in his blog post Implementing an opaque type in typescript, though I guess now the TypeScript community prefers to call them branded types, the name doesn’t matter, the problem being solved is the same, preventing types from being interchangeable....

February 17, 2023 · Yunier


In the last few months, my Twitter feed has been dominated by one topic, tRPC. tRPC is a library that provides type-safety between your front end and backend, in theory, it allows you to quickly build applications. In today’s post, I would like to explore tRPC, its capabilities and features, and how it could be used in a project. To get started, I will create a new Node.js app using Express....

February 5, 2023 · Yunier